What Are Europe’s Energy Alternatives Now That Russian Gas Is Off The Cards?

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What is the best clean energy stock

Investment in renewable energy projects soared to new heights in 2021, thanks to new solar and wind power installations. In order to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, BloombergNEF predicts that solar and wind plants will need an average of $1.5 trillion per year between 2026 and 2030. With temperatures likely to increase by well over two degrees Celsius, many nations are seeking ways to replace fossil fuels with renewable sources of energy. This provides a market opportunity for investors looking to profit from green energy investments. The energy sector is a category of stocks that relate to producing or supplying energy, i.e., oil and gas drilling and refining or power utility companies. These are the top alternative energy stocks as ranked by agrowthmodel that scores companies based on a 50/50 weighting of their most recent quarterly year-over-year percentagerevenue growth and their most recent quarterly YOYearnings-per-share growth.

What Are Europe’s Energy Alternatives Now That Russian Gas Is Off The Cards?

Here are the top three alternative energy stocks with the best value, the fastest growth, and the most momentum. The Business Combination, which is expected to have an enterprise value of approximately $1.9 billion, will provide significant capital for the Company to scale and accelerate the commercialization of NuScale’s advanced SMR technology. Spring Valley shareholders approved the transaction at a special meeting on April 28, 2022. Situated along the Ohio River, Markland Hydroelectric Station began operations in 1967. It was the first nongovernmental hydroelectric station built on the Ohio River, and it played a vital role in the development of hydropower on the waterway. The facility harnesses energy produced from the flow of the river to produce electricity, within guidelines governed by the Army Corps of Engineers.

  • Each turbine weighs approximately 180 tons, with each blade stretching 27 feet in length.
  • This release may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
  • With temperatures likely to increase by well over two degrees Celsius, many nations are seeking ways to replace fossil fuels with renewable sources of energy.
  • Investment in renewable energy projects soared to new heights in 2021, thanks to new solar and wind power installations.
  • The TAN solar ETF saw gains of 61% over the three years ending in December of 2021, and FAN saw gains of around 23% in the same period.

SJI’s non-utility entities include Energy Management, Energy Production and Midstream. First quarter 2022 GAAP earnings were $14.6 million compared with $16.2 million in 2021. First quarter 2022 economic earnings were $31.0 million compared with $16.1 million in 2021. In August 2021, the NJBPU approved SJG’s engineering and route proposal to construct system upgrades in support of a planned 2.0+ Bcf liquefied natural gas facility. This project is critically important to ensure service is not interrupted to our customers in the event of a significant outage, either behind our city gate, or on one of the two interstate pipelines that serve the SJG system. We also continue to explore alternatives that will allow for a secondary supply of gas needed to create reliability and resiliency for ~140,000 customers in Atlantic and Cape May counties.

Which Countries Invest The Most In Green Energy?

Through energy efficiency programs, SJG advances New Jersey’s clean energy goals in a manner that benefits customers, the environment and the State’s green economy while recovering our investments in a timely manner. SJG’s energy efficiency program, as approved by the BPU in April 2021, authorizes investment of $133.2 million from July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2024. Our investment of approximately $37 million from July 2021 to June 2022 commenced recovery in July 2021. Fluor will continue to hold a majority interest in the company and will provide NuScale with engineering services, project management, administrative and supply chain support.

During the next 20 years, the company plans to add about 4,525 megawatts of solar power, 400 megawatts of energy storage and 2,800 megawatts of wind energy, in addition to cleaner natural gas generation. The actual results of the specific items described in this release, and the company’s operations generally, may differ materially from what is projected in such forward-looking statements. The company disclaims any obligation to update the information contained in any forward-looking statement.

SJI uses the non-GAAP measure of economic earnings when discussing results. We believe this presentation provides clarity into the continuing earnings of our business. A full explanation and reconciliation of economic earnings is provided under “Explanation and Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” later in this report and in our 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2021. However, some point out that Europe could be compromised by Russian energy dependence for decades more if it pursues a certain hydrogen route. According to Dr Max Lacey-Barnacle, Research Fellow in Just Transitions in the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex Business School, Russia is stepping up its hydrogen plans. Algeria, which has pipelines to Spain and Italy and a large LNG terminal at Skikda, boosted oil and gas output last year by 5 per cent.

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We’re banning all imports of Russian oil and gas and energy,” President Joe Biden said in a press conference. Some European leaders are saying that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is a chance to accelerate the transition to renewables, including nuclear plants. “Short term it may be that, as a precaution and in order to be prepared for the worst, we have to keep coal-powered plants on standby and maybe even let them operate,” German economy minister Robert Habeck told public radio Deutschlandfunk. While this may fill a gap in the short-term, experts say there is not enough LNG to meet all of Europe’s energy needs. In the US they are trying to buy non-Russian natural gas from other parts of the world to keep up with demand.

On May 4, SJI’s Board of Directors declared its regular dividend of $0.3100 per share for the second quarter of 2022. The dividend is payable July 5, 2022 to shareholders of record at the close of business on June 10, 2022. /PRNewswire/ — Duke Energy Indiana https://xcritical.com/ has completed upgrades to three hydroelectric turbines, generators and other equipment at its Markland Hydroelectric Station near Florence, Ind. PLEMCo’s award is a five year Design and Material only contract for Level 2 and Level 3 EV chargers.

A second EVSE – BPA is currently being submitted that will include Design, Equipment, and Installation of EV Chargers, which is expected to be awarded by July. However, Biden’s decision to ban imports is still likely to drive prices up and pinch US consumers already seeing increasing energy prices. Due to the current exchange rate, “the US can afford that, it would be much, much harder for continental Europe,” Cornelia Meyer, Chief Executive Officer of Meyer Resources, told Al Jazeera. Germany is specifically looking to import LNG from Qatar and buy gas from other European nations. Europe’s biggest economy may also build two of its own LNG terminals domestically. Gas is a bigger problem than oil in Europe and, although winter is coming to an end, there is still a demand for imports.

General Business Overview

In late February, the country announced the cancellation of the €9.9 billion Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline from Russia – which is good news environmentally, yet may not hurt Russia quickly enough as the pipeline was not operating yet. To get the latest analysis and advice on green investing, check outThe Green Investor podcastpowered by Investopedia. Investments in renewables will need to triple in the coming years, in order to reach net-zero carbon emissions. Climate change represents an existential threat to human civilization, with many nations seeking to reach zero net carbon emissions by 2050. The comments, opinions, and analyses expressed herein are for informational purposes only and should not be considered individual investment advice or recommendations to invest in any security or to adopt any investment strategy.

What is the best clean energy stock

First quarter 2022 economic earnings were breakeven compared with $1.0 million in 2021, reflecting the absence of allowance for funds used during construction following cessation of the project in 2021. The easiest way to invest in green energy is to find a mutual fund or index fund that invests in a wide basket of renewable energy securities. There are many such funds, each managed according to a different strategy or targeting a different renewable energy index. Alternatively, investors can also research the stocks of individual green energy companies, although this process is more complicated.

Summary Of Utility Margin

Guggenheim Securities, LLC acted as financial advisor to NuScale and Fluor. Cowen acted as financial advisor and lead capital markets advisor to Spring Valley. Guggenheim Securities, LLC and Cowen acted as placement agents to Spring Valley in connection with the PIPE offering. For photos of Markland Hydroelectric Station and the upgrades that were recently completed, visit news.duke-energy.com/media-kit. One of the bipartisan Infrastructure Bill’s stated goals is to install EV Charging Stations every 50 miles along the interstate system. Although each state will establish its own priorities and allocate infrastructure funds, all spending at the Federal, State, Local, and Department level for government funded Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment will be bid and awarded through the GSA.

Because profits can be returned to shareholders in the form of dividends and buybacks, a low P/E ratio shows you’re paying less for each dollar of profit generated. On February 24, 2022, SJI announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement to be acquired by IIF. The per share purchase price of $36.00 represented a 46.3% premium to SJI’s 30-day volume weighted average price as of February 23, 2022, the last trading day prior to the announcement of the agreement.

Green Technology: A Solid Investment Choice?

Now that the EU is slashing Russian imports, European countries may have to divert more ships of LNG in their direction, coming from the US. Although LNG is regarded as the cleanest of the fossil fuels, it is a fossil fuel nonetheless and therefore contributes towards irreversible climate damage. The ministers also discussed assisting Ukraine’s energy sector by accelerating a planned link of Ukraine’s electricity grid with Europe’s, which would make it more independent from Russia. “We have to prepare for all possibilities,” said France’s ecological transition minister, Barbara Pompili, at the session. The EU has sufficient gas and oil stocks to withstand short-term disruption, she said, “however, there is an issue on long-term supplies”.

Installation may be done by government entities, contracted out through a secondary bid process or by utilities. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen agreed, adding in a statement, “We must become independent from Russian oil, coal and gas. We simply cannot rely on a supplier who explicitly threatens us.” “If we really want to stop long-term making Putin very rich, we have to invest in renewables and we need to do it quickly,” Frans Timmermans, vice-president of the European Commission, said in January. If Germany reverted to coal, it would go against its own green promise to phase out coal-fired power plants by 2030. However, as the energy crisis escalates, “coal remains a critical component of the power mix, especially when the reliability of other sources of energy is called into question,” says Carlos Torres Diaz, Head of Gas and Power Markets Research at Rystad Energy.

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Net cash used in investing activities was $158.3 million compared with $112.3 million in the prior year period, primarily reflecting utility capital expenditures and REV, fuel cell and solar investments. Energy Production primarily includes renewable (fuel cell/solar) and decarbonization (REV/RNG development) investments. First quarter 2022 GAAP earnings were $(0.3) million compared with $1.6 million in 2021. First quarter 2022 economic earnings were $0.5 million compared with $1.1 million in 2021.

The crisis shows that moving away from imported fossil fuels is not just important in the fight against climate change, but as a matter of security. But now that the price of oil has topped $140 (€129) per barrel for the first time since 2008, and gas imports are set to reduce in the coming years, governments are scrambling to find energy alternatives. The market capitalization sometimes referred as Marketcap, is the value of a publicly listed company. In most cases it can be easily calculated by multiplying the share price with the amount of outstanding shares. Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s recent report shows just how far renewables will go toward our generation’s needs.

Solar And Wind Etfs

Assuming conversion of mandatory convertible equity units and equity credit from rating agencies for long-duration debt, SJI’s adjusted equity-to-total capitalization, a non-GAAP measure, was 47.5% at March 31, 2022 compared with 43.6% at December 31, 2021. ETG’s energy efficiency program, as approved by the BPU in April 2021, authorizes investment of $74.0 million from July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2024. Our investment of approximately $17 million from July 2021 to June 2022 commenced recovery in July 2021.

In addition, the company is investing in major electric grid enhancements and energy storage, and exploring zero-emission power generation technologies such as hydrogen and advanced nuclear. The alternative energy sector is comprised of companies that engage in the generation, distribution, and sale of renewable and clean energy, as well as related products and services. Examples of alternative energy sources include solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal. The growing list of names in the sector includes companies like Israel-based SolarEdge Technologies Inc., Brazil-based Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais, and First Solar Inc. First quarter 2022 GAAP/economic earnings were $38.6 million compared with $38.0 million in 2021. Utility margin, as previously defined, increased $3.7 million, reflecting customer growth and the roll-in of investments from infrastructure replacement programs.

Equity-to-total capitalization was 39.6% at March 31, 2022 compared with 35.8% at December 31, 2021, largely reflecting equity financing and repayment of debt. For the three-month period ended March 31, 2022, SJI reported consolidated GAAP earnings of $129.4 million compared to $128.8 million in the prior year period. Mr. Sorrells will join the newly public company’s Board of Directors, adding to a deep bench of advisors with extensive backgrounds in energy, engineering, procurement and construction. Duke Energy was named to Fortune’s 2022 “World’s Most Admired Companies” list and Forbes’ “America’s Best Employers” list.

Yet, until now, the bloc has continued to pay Russia for oil and gas – non-renewable fuels which produce vast amounts of toxic air and water pollution and make up the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions. According to a report by the United Nations Environment Program, China was the largest investor in renewable energy in the decade from 2010 to 2019. China spent $758 billion on non-hydroelectric renewable energy, compared to $356 billion from the United States and $202 billion from Japan. Investors looking for more purely renewable plays might consider some of the funds that focus on solar and wind energy.

The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate.

Green energy refers to any technology that can replace fossil fuels with renewable sources, such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power. It can also refer to auxiliary technologies that will also be important for a green energy transition. For example, improved battery technologies can help transportation networks transition to electric vehicles, and smart grids can help reduce overall consumption. There is no single answer to this question since the output from renewable energy depends heavily on geographical factors, like the weather. Both solar and wind power have seen drastic improvements in electrical output, and in many locations, they are now cheaper than fossil fuels. Hydroelectric, geothermal, and nuclear power are more reliable for large-scale production, but they each have different environmental drawbacks.

11 Stocks That Pay Good, Reliable Dividends

Because social and professional circles often overlap, homogeneous personal networks can have a deleterious effect on organizational diversity. That’s why some companies have deemphasized referrals, or at least cautioned against their pitfalls. But reliance on personal networking is still crucial to the functioning of certain industries. A survey of venture capitalists, for example, showed that social connections are essential to generating deal flow. But investors’ personal networks tend to be closed, given that most VCs have the same educational background, are the same gender and race, and have worked at similar firms. U.S. Dividend Achievers Select Index, emphasizing stocks with a strong track record of dividend growth.

Consider the following chart that ranks the historical performance of each GICS sector and the S&P 500 since 2007. That means, since the second quarter of 2018, investors have been able to rely on CrossAmerica Partners stock to provide a safe, stable dividend. Throughout 2020, the year that the world grappled with the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, CrossAmerica Partners kept its dividend unchanged. That was at a time when other energy stocks were cutting their dividends. Unlike most stocks that consider raising their payouts annually, UHT usually increases its dividend twice per year.

Main Street’s success starts with its diversified investment portfolio, which consists of more than 150 companies. Its largest investment represents about 3% of the portfolio’s income, and no industry exceeds 7% of the portfolio’s value. The company does face elevated political and regulatory pressures over its response to a 2020 tropical storm, which caused widespread power outages. But Con Edison’s long-term relationships and A- credit rating seem likely to help it navigate these challenges without jeopardizing its slow-growing dividend. Founded in the early 1900s, Duke Energy is one of the largest regulated utilities in the U.S. with operations spanning the Southeast and Midwest.

A dividend is the distribution of some of a company’s earnings to a class of its shareholders, as determined by the company’s board of directors. With the U.S. consumer price index rising by 6.8% year over year in November 2021, the fastest increase since 1982, the Federal Reserve may now need to rapidly reduce its pace of bond buying. This news may not bode well for growth stocks, which have benefited tremendously in the last decade from an ultra-low interest rate environment. The sector appears poised to rapidly expand, which should enable companies such as Brookfield Renewable, Clearway Energy, and NextEra Energy Partners to continue growing as leaders of the pack. Offer investors the opportunity to receive dividend income while supporting the global transition to zero-emission power sources. See the important disclosure “Estimated Annual Portfolio Income with a 4% Initial Distribution.” at the end of this video.

Reliable dividend partner

Any estimates based on past performance do not a guarantee future performance, and prior to making any investment you should discuss your specific investment needs or seek advice from a qualified professional. This policy may lead to shareholder impatience since the distribution is unpredictable, but when it is paid, it may signal that the company has a lack of future investment opportunities. That the plan for us as professional investors was, there are so many great individual companies out there whose stocks have had very significant drawdowns. Let’s go through that list and see which we think are just cyclically impaired and which are more structurally impaired, and there are bargains to be had.

There’s also no getting around the fact that MLPs have had limited upside historically, which means reliable income can take a while to accumulate. Generate fixed income from corporates that prioritize environmental, social and governance responsibility. NOBL tracks the performance of the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats Index. The index screens for multinational household names with a history of increasing dividends for at least 25 years, with some of them doing so for more than 40 years.

Avoid Very High Dividend Yields

Companies within the Energy sector are directly or indirectly involved in producing and distributing the energy needed to power the economy. Energy companies are sometimes categorized based on how the energy is sourced, either from renewable or non-renewable sources. The Energy sector includes companies involved with oil and gas drilling and production, pipeline and refining, mining, renewable energy, and specialty chemicals.

It is believed that this high-quality 5G network will stimulate revenue growth, something that Verizon has been falling behind in recently. IBM has also been touting plans for the first-ever commercially available quantum computer. They do currently have quantum cloud services available for the public, but with limited applications. IBM’s advanced technology and good reputation make it a good investment choice.

Reliable dividend partner

Despite its sensitivity to oil prices, Canadian Natural has managed to pay higher dividends for 20 consecutive years. A significant portion of its distributions are generated here and are fully taxable as ordinary dividend income rather intel verizon than at the lower rate enjoyed by qualified dividends. Income investors attracted to BIP’s critical infrastructure and unique combination of income and growth should be aware of the partnership’s structure for tax purposes.

Dividends Pay Dividends®

With the exception of BlackRock Index Services, LLC, who is an affiliate, BlackRock Investments, LLC is not affiliated with the companies listed above. Ben Graham has this great quote where he said, “The purpose of the margin of safety is to render the forecast unnecessary.” And I think that’s so powerful for investing and financial planning. That if you have room for error in your analysis, in your allocations, in https://xcritical.com/ your budgets, you don’t necessarily need to know exactly what’s going to happen next. And really the first subject that we’re going to discuss is, it comes under the heading, this hasn’t been a typical market cycle. When we look at the big drawdown we saw during COVID, and the subsequent recovery, many aspects of the regular playbook haven’t really played out in this market, because it’s been a unique scenario.

The cheaper “cost-on-yield” makes this a better long-term investment strategy. The focus here would be on slow-growing, established companies with a lot of cash flow that pay high dividends. These kinds of investments make sense when you are looking to generate income right away.

More Choices More Ways To Invest How You Want

While P/E multiples tend to mean-revert over longer time frames, they can be significantly higher or lower than normal for extended periods of time. Therefore, a focus on dividend and earnings growth is often a more reliable predictor of future stock performance. Over the years, stocks of companies that initiate and consistently grow their dividends have outperformed the broader market, and have significantly outperformed stocks that cut or don’t pay dividends . Another measure of good dividend stocks is the dividend payout ratio, which removes volatile stock prices from the equation by comparing a company’s earnings to its dividend payment per share. If a company earns $2 per share in a given quarter and pays a dividend of $1 per share, its payout ratio is said to be 50%. For many investors, regular dividend income is a solid, safe way to grow a nest egg.

And let’s be clear, higher energy prices accelerates the demand for decarbonization, accelerates the need for EV vehicles. And so that’s a way you mitigate long-term demand through that process. We may be in a period of time of higher inflation that is going to be very damaging for those who least could afford it. We learned from COVID that supply chains were maybe only good in very efficient times. Now much of the supply chain issues we witnessed was as people were more in remote working, more and more people changed their consumption patterns away from services.

The amazing feat is that Realty Income has achieved such a stable dividend growth with a relatively bland real estate portfolio. The average Realty Income property is a Walgreens or a 7-Eleven; not exactly what you would call flashy investments. This is one major reason why utility companies have such strong dividend payouts; they have a sizable consumer base and extremely high revenue from providing basic services.

I also provide fair value estimates (Fair Val.) to help identify stocks trading at favorable valuations. The last column shows the discount (Disc.) or premium (Prem.) of the recent price to my fair value estimate. The Energy sector is the only sector with negative returns over the past five years. Looking at the 1-year time frame, we see that the Energy sector has slightly outperformed the S&P 500. The table is color-coded to show the highest and lowest values in each column.

  • Please consult your professional advisers if you have questions about a particular investment or are unsure of the laws and regulations applicable to you.
  • But this compensation does not influence the information we publish, or the reviews that you see on this site.
  • Coupled with Washington Trust’s diverse income stream, which includes a high mix of stable fees from businesses such as wealth management, the company has paid reliable dividends every year since 1992.
  • And when dividends are reinvested, the returns are even higher, accounting for 84 percent of the S&P’s total returns since 1970.
  • These are considered qualified dividends, and U.S. investors may face withholding taxes on the Canadian payouts.

And so much of the supply chain issues was we miscalculated how much demand there was going to be on so many products. With two decades of business and finance journalism experience, Ben has covered breaking market news, written on equity markets for Investopedia, and edited personal finance content for Bankrate and LendingTree. All material has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy is not guaranteed. Some of the content on this website may contain certain statements that may be deemed forward-looking statements. Please note that any such statements are not guarantees of any future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected.

Growth Of A Hypothetical $1 Million Investment In The Balanced Income Conservative Strategy

The firm’s payout has edged up each year for decades, including gains in 2014 and 2015, when oil prices collapsed. Over the past 34 years, the dividend has increased at an average rate of 6.4%. Plenty of stocks yield more than the market average of 2% for large companies.

The index screens for companies that have consistently increased dividend payments for at least 20 consecutive years. Bankrate.com is an independent, advertising-supported publisher and comparison service. We are compensated in exchange for placement of sponsored products and, services, or by you clicking on certain links posted on our site.

Reliable dividend partner

So even if IBM’s growth has slowed in recent years, it is still a solid choice of dividend stock. CrossAmerica Partners stock continues to be a great oil and gas play for income-starved investors and those who love to see their underlying investment rise. High dividend yields are great, but it’s even better when the share price rises too. The strength of the policy is also one of its weaknesses – shareholders may be upset by the lagged response of dividend payouts to business growth. Shareholders of companies with large earnings swings will naturally experience more dividend volatility than firms with consistent cash flow.

Top 20 Safest High Dividend Stocks

But if you’re investing for income, you’ll want dividends that are both reliable and secure. AT&T has a total market value of $234.5 billion and a current dividend yield of 6.2%, one of the highest out of all communications companies. AT%T has also managed to continually increase its dividend payout for 34 consecutive years.

What Are Dividend Aristocrats? These Are The 65 Dividend

Again, growth for the company is pretty slow at a projected 3.5% for 2020, but the extremely high percentage of cash earnings allow that they can consistently pay dividends to investors. The upshot is that since cell service is practically a utility now, Verizon makes a lot of money that they can funnel into growing dividend payouts. Over the past 5 years, Verizon has shown a consistent 2.70% dividend growth rate each year.

Its broker-dealer subsidiary, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. , offers investment services and products, including Schwab brokerage accounts. Its banking subsidiary, Charles Schwab Bank, SSB , provides deposit and lending services and products. Access to Electronic Services may be limited or unavailable during periods of peak demand, market volatility, systems upgrade, maintenance, or for other reasons. Prudential also pumped more than $1.2 billion last year into its dividend payouts and has experienced continuous dividend growth for a decade with an average of 11.5% growth for the past 5 years.

That’s because it’s fiscally shrewder to re-invest the cashback into operations during pivotal growth stages. But even well-established companies often reinvest their earnings to fund new initiatives, acquire other companies, or pay down debt. If a business is paying shareholders too high a percentage of itsprofits, it may be a sign that management prefers not to reinvest in the company given the lack of upside. However, the company may return to revenue growth in the next two to three years.

The Estimated Income Growth Since Inception chart assumes that a client invested $1 million in the strategy on May 31, 2003 (the strategy’s inception date). Each period’s estimated annual income shown is the product of that initial $1 million investment times the composite’s cumulative total return, net of actual fees, since the inception date times the dividend yield. The dividend yield for the strategy, the NASDAQ US Broad Dividend Achievers TR Index in the Blended Benchmark, and the S&P 500® Total Return Index is the weighted average trailing 12-month yield obtained from Bloomberg. The yield for the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Intermediate Government/Credit Bond Index in the Blended Benchmarks is based on the 30-day SEC yield and is provided by Morningstar Direct. The dividend yield for the strategy, the NASDAQ US Broad Dividend Achievers TR Index in the Blended Benchmark, and the S&P 500® Total Return Index is the weighted average trailing 12-month yield obtained by Bloomberg.